15 August 2018 - چهارشنبه 24 مرداد 1397
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کلید واژگان
جستجوی پیشرفته
شناسنامه ی نشریه
صاحب امتیاز:
موسسه پژوهشی علوم و فناوری رنگ و پوشش
مدیر مسئول:
پروفسور زهرا رنجبر
سردبیر:
دکتر شهره روحانی
مدیر اجرایی:
دکتر مریم عطائی فرد
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2251-7278
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2383-2223
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کاربردهای تابش فرابنفش در اصلاح خواص و بهبود فرآیندهای رنگرزی و تکمیل الیاف پروتئینی و سلولزی

نشریه: سال هفتم - شماره سوم - پاييز 1396 - مقاله 3   صفحات :  01 تا 20



کد مقاله:
JSCW-2017-07-29-10318

مولفین:
سیامک صفاپور: دانشگاه هنر اسلامی تبریز - دانشکده فرش
موسی صادقی کیاخانی: موسسه پژوهشي علوم و فناوري رنگ و پوشش - گروه پژوهشي مواد رنگزای آلی
فهیمه سبزی: دانشگاه هنر اسلامی تبریز - دانشکده فرش


چکیده مقاله:

امروزه براي اصلاح خصوصیات الیاف از روش‌هاي شیمیایی و فیزیکی متعدد استفاده مي‌شود. در سال‌های اخیر با توجه به مقررات سخت زیست‌محیطی، صنعت نساجی به ناچار محدود به استفاده از فناوری‌های سبز و سازگار با محیط‌‌زیست شده است. تابش فرابنفش به عنوان فناوری پاک، دوست‌دار محیط‌زیست، ساده، ارزان و خوش آتیه برای اصلاح خواص الیاف و تولید منسوجات عامل‌دار استفاده می‌شود. تابش فرابنفش موجب بهبود خواص مختلف نظیر رنگ‌پذیری، قدرت رنگی،‌ ترشوندگی و کاهش پرزدهی و نمدی‌شدن پشم بدون تاثیر منفی بر خواص کلی نظیر استحکام و زیردست می‌شود. به علاوه، با استفاده از فناوری فرابنفش دما و زمان بهینه رنگرزی کاهش یافته و منجر به کاهش هزینه و صرفه‌جویی در مصرف انرژی می‌شود. هدف از این مقاله، مرور نتایج آخرین مطالعات گزارش شده موجود در مقالات و منابع علمی معتبر در خصوص استفاده از محدوده‌های مختلف انرژی تابش فرابنفش برای اصلاح ویژگی‌های الیاف طبیعی پروتئینی (پشم و ابریشم) و سلولزی (پنبه) می‌باشد. بدین منظور، ابتدا انواع پرتو فرابنفش و محدوده موثر آن، کاربردهای آن در علوم و صنایع مختلف و اصلاح خواص الیاف بررسی می‌شود. در ادامه نتایج آخرین مطالعات انجام شده در خصوص کاربرد تابش فرابنفش به تفکیک نوع الیاف طبیعی پشم، ابریشم و پنبه مورد بررسی و مقایسه قرار می‌گیرد


Article's English abstract:

Nowadays, numerous chemical and physical methods are being used for modification of properties of textiles. In recent years, due to stringent ecological restrictions, textile industry has been forced to use green and eco-friendly technologies. Ultraviolet (UV) irradiation, as a clean, eco-friendly, simple, inexpensive, and promising technology has been extensively used for surface modification of fibers and production of functionalized textiles. UV irradiation enhances dye-ability, color strength, wet-ability and reduces pilling and felting and does not impair bulk properties such as strength and handle. In addition, using UV technology, optimal dyeing time and temperature can be decreased resulting in saving energy and lower process cost. The aim of this study is to review the latest literature published on the applications of UV irradiations for modification of properties and characteristics of natural protein (wool and silk) and cellulose (cotton) fibers. For this purpose, different types of UV sources, ranges of effective UV irradiation, and its application in different industries as well as modification of fibers are described. Then, the results of the latest investigations are reviewed according to natural fiber type of wool, silk and cotton.


کلید واژگان:
تابش فرابنفش، اصلاح خواص، دوست‌دار محیط‌زیست، الیاف طبیعی

English Keywords:
Ultraviolet irradiation, Modification, Environment friendly process, Natural fibers.

منابع:
1. م. حسین نژاد، ک. قرنجیگ، "مروری بر آخرین تحقیقات درباره کاربردهای مواد رنگزای طبیعی در رنگرزی، مواد خوراکی و سلول¬های خورشیدی"، نشریه علمی-ترویجی مطالعات در دنیای رنگ، 1، 27-17، 1396. 2. م. غفار زاده، م. ادریسی، "مروری بر رنگ¬دانه¬های طبیعی و روش های استخراج آن¬ها" نشریه علمی-ترویجی مطالعات در دنیای رنگ، 1، 82-63، 1395. 3. ح. احمدی، س. صفاپور، "مروری بر روش¬های تکمیل حفاظتی فرابنفش منسوجات طبیعی با استفاده از مواد جاذب فرابنفش"، نشریه علمی-ترویجی مطالعات در دنیای رنگ، 1، 74-61، 1394. 4. ل. مهرپرور، س. صفاپور، م. صادقی¬کیاخانی، ک. قرنجیگ، " بهبود رنگ¬پذیری خامه پشمی مصرفی در فرش دستباف با مشتق زیست¬سازگار کیتوسان: مطالعه خواص رنگرزی و ثبات رنگی با ماده رنگزای طبیعی اسپرک"، نشریه علمی-پژوهشی علوم و فناوری رنگ، 10، 96-89، 1395. 5. س. دوست¬محمدی س. صفاپور، م. صادقی¬کیاخانی، " مطالعه خصوصیات رنگی و ثباتی نخ پشمی اصلاح شده با کیتوسان سیانوریک کلراید مورد مصرف در فرش دستباف با ماده رنگزای روناس"، نشریه علمی-پژوهشی علوم و فناوری رنگ، 10، 224-217، 1395.

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