26 September 2017 - سه شنبه 4 مهر 1396
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کلید واژگان
جستجوی پیشرفته
شناسنامه ی نشریه
صاحب امتیاز:
موسسه پژوهشی علوم و فناوری رنگ و پوشش
مدیر مسئول:
پروفسور زهرا رنجبر
سردبیر:
دکتر شهره روحانی
مدیر اجرایی:
دکتر مریم عطائی فرد
شاپا چاپی:
2251-7278
شاپا الکترونیکی:
2383-2223
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مروري بر روش‌هاي سنتز نانودات‌هاي كربن و بررسي خصوصيات نشري آنها

نشریه: سال پنجم- شماره چهارم- زمستان 1394 - مقاله 10   صفحات :  85 تا 96



کد مقاله:
JSCW-03-10-2015-10237

مولفین:
محمد غفارزاده: پژوهشگاه شيمي و مهندسي شيمي - دانشكده علوم و فناوري هاي نوين
مهتاب ادریسی: پژوهشگاه شيمي و مهندسي شيمي - دانشکده علوم و فناوری‌های نوین


چکیده مقاله:



کربن نانودات ها کربن دات ها نسلی جدید از ساختارهای نانوکربنی فولرن ها، نانولوله های کربنی، گرافن ها ... هستند که تاکنون شناخته شده اند. این نقاط کوانتومی کربنی دارای سطوح اثر ناپذیری می باشند که به دلیل پایداری بسیار زیاد نسبت به رنگ پریدگی دربرابر تابش نور، زیست سازگاری، سمیت پایین، صرفه اقتصادی، و فراوانی مواد اولیه آن در طبیعت توجهات بسیاری را به خود جلب نموده اند. عموماً کربن نانودات ها حاوی تعداد کثیری از گروه های کربوکسیلیک اسید بر روی سطح خود می باشند، به همین دلیل حلالیت بسیار خوبی در آب داشته و برای عامل دار شدن توسط انواعی از گونه های آلی، پلیمری، معدنی، یا بیولوژیکی مناسب می باشند. ساختار یکدست آن ها همراه با ابعاد بسیار ریز، قابلیت دستکاری و عامل دار نمودن سطح، و تنوع گسترده در روش های سنتزی ساده، سریع، و ارزان سبب گردیده است تا کربن نانودات ها به عنوان جایگزین سایر نانوکربن ها فولرن ها، نانوالماس ها، نانولوله های کربنی معرفی گردند. البته قابل توجه ترین مسئله در مورد کربن نانودات ها، قابلت جایگزینی آن ها با کوانتوم دات های بر پایه فلزات سمی می باشد.


Article's English abstract:

Carbon nanodots C-dots are a new class of carbon nanomaterials grapheme, carbon nanotube, fulrene, etc. which have been identified. This carbon quantum dots have passivated surface which due to the resistance to photobleaching, ease of bioconjugation, without incurring the burden of intrinsic toxicity or elemental scarcity have attracted a great deal of attention. Carbon nano-dot generally contain carboxylic acid moieties at their surface, so imparting them whith excellent water solubility and suitability for subsequent functionalization with various organic, polymeric, inorganic, or biological species. Their well-defined, nearly isotropic shapes together with their ultrafine dimensions, tunable surface functionalities, and the sheer variety of simple, fast, and cheap synthetic routes available provide an encouraging technological platform for C-dot emitters as alternatives to other nanocarbons fullerenes, nanodiamonds, carbon nanotubes in a host of applications. However, the most notable point about the carbon nanodots is their replacement capacity with the toxic quantum dot-based metals.


کلید واژگان:
کربن نانو دات- دوستدار محیط زیست- فلوئورسنت-کوانتوم دات.

English Keywords:
Carbon nanodots, Eco-friendly, Fluorescent, Quantum dots.

منابع:

English References:
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