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صاحب امتیاز:
موسسه پژوهشی علوم و فناوری رنگ و پوشش
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پروفسور زهرا رنجبر
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دکتر شهره روحانی
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دکتر مریم عطائی فرد
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2251-7278
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کاربرد پسماندهای کشاورزی به عنوان جاذب طبیعی در حذف رنگزاهای صنعتی

نشریه: سال ششم-شماره چهارم- زمستان 1395 - مقاله 5   صفحات :  27 تا 43



کد مقاله:
JSCW-09-13-2016-10289

مولفین:
سپیده لک عیان: دانشگاه صنعتی ارومیه - مهندسی شیمی
عاطفه بهارلویی: دانشگاه صنعتی ارومیه - مهندسی شیمی
الهام جلیل نژاد: دانشگاه صنعتی ارومیه - مهندسی شیمی


چکیده مقاله:



رنگز¬اها ترکیبات پیچیده آلی هستند که برای رنگ¬آمیزی محصولات در صنایع مختلف به کار می¬روند. پساب حاصل از این صنایع عامل اصلی وارد شدن این رنگزاها به آب¬های سطحی و زیرزمینی و آلودگی آن‌ها می¬باشد. امروزه، حذف رنگزاها از پساب¬ها به جهت حفظ زیبایی محیط‌زیست و به‌ویژه ازنقطه‌نظر سلامتی موردتوجه محققان قرارگرفته است. روش‌های مختلفی برای حذف ترکیبات رنگزا از پساب وجود دارد که در این میان فرایند جذب سطحی به‌عنوان جایگزینی مناسب نسبت به سایر روش‌های گران‌قیمت تصفیه پساب شناخته‌شده است. در سا¬ل¬های اخیر قابلیت استفاده از پسماندهای کشاورزی به‌عنوان جاذبی مناسب، ارزان‌قیمت، در دسترس و دوستدار محیط‌زیست برای حذف آلاینده¬های مختلف به‌ویژه رنگزاهای صنعتی در تحقیقات مختلف تأییدشده است. در این مقاله مروری، کاربرد ضایعات مختلف کشاورزی به‌عنوان جاذب در حذف رنگزاهای مختلف صنعتی آنیونی، کاتیونی و غیر یونی ارزیابی‌شده و با توجه به تغییر ظرفیت جاذب¬های زیستی براثر تغییر شرایط، مطالعه کلی براثر پارامترهای مهم عملیاتی ازجمله pH محلول، غلظت اولیه ماده رنگزا، مقدار جاذب و درجه حرارت بر روی فرایند جذب زیستی صورت گرفته است. کاربرد مدل¬های سینتیکی مختلف جذب و ایزوترم¬های جذب برای حذف رنگزاهای مختلف توسط بازه وسیعی از جاذب¬های زیستی حاصل از پسماندهای کشاورزی نیز مطالعه و خلاصه‌شده است. حذف رنگ از پساب¬ها توسط ضایعات کشاورزی هم از بعد زیست¬محیطی و تصفیه پساب و هم از بعد کنترل ضایعات کشاورزی و استفاده بهینه از آن‌ها بسیار قابل‌توجه بوده و اهمیت چنین تحقیقاتی را صدچندان می¬کند.


Article's English abstract:

Dyes are complex organic compounds which are used by various industries to color their products. The effluents of these industries are the main source of dye discharge to surface and underground waters and cuase their pollution. Today, color removal from wastewaters has been a matter of concern, both in the aesthetic sense and health point of view. Different methods have been used for dye removal from wastewaters but among them adsorption is introduced as an ideal alternative to other expensive treatment processes. In recent years, many researches have been done on successful application of different agricultural wastes as cheap biosorbents to remove different pollutants specially dyes. In this review paper, use of different agricultural wastes in removal of industrial dyes anionic, cationic, and nonionic dyes is evaluated. As adsorption capacity of biosorbents are dependent on different conditions, an overall study is conducted on effect of different operational parameters such as, pH, initial dye concentration, adsorbent dosage, and temperature on adsorption efficiency. Application of different kinetic models and adsorption isotherms for a wide range of biosorbents are also reviewed. Dye bearing waste treatment by adsorptive treatment using low cost alternative adsorbent is a demanding area as it has double benefits i.e. water treatment and waste management which makes this study very important.


کلید واژگان:
جذب سطحی، پسماند کشاورزی، رنگزای صنعتی، جاذب طبیعی، ایزوترم جذب، مدل¬های سینتیکی

English Keywords:
Adsorption, Agricultural wastes, Industrial dye, Biosorbent, Kinetic model, Adsorption isotherm

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