28 July 2017 - جمعه 6 مرداد 1396
جستجوی مقالات
کلید واژگان
جستجوی پیشرفته
شناسنامه ی نشریه
صاحب امتیاز:
موسسه پژوهشی علوم و فناوری رنگ و پوشش
مدیر مسئول:
پروفسور زهرا رنجبر
سردبیر:
دکتر شهره روحانی
مدیر اجرایی:
دکتر مریم عطائی فرد
شاپا چاپی:
2251-7278
شاپا الکترونیکی:
2383-2223
دسترسی سریع
آخرین شماره ها
نظر سنجی
نظر شما در مورد سایت نشریه دنیای رنگ چیست؟
مطلوب
نسبتا مطلوب
نیاز به بهسازی دارد
ضعیف

مروری بر رنگ‌دانه‌هاي طبیعی و روش‌های استخراج آن‌ها

نشریه: سال ششم-شماره اول- بهار 1395 - مقاله 8   صفحات :  63 تا 82



کد مقاله:
JSCW-01-12-2015-10245

مولفین:
محمد غفارزاده: پژوهشگاه شيمي و مهندسي شيمي - دانشكده علوم و فناوري هاي نوين
مهتاب ادریسی: پژوهشگاه شيمي و مهندسي شيمي - دانشکده علوم و فناوری‌های نوین


چکیده مقاله:

رنگ‌دانه‌ها در حقيقت تركيبات شيميايي هستند كه نور خورشيد را در گستره طول موج مرئي جذب مي‌‌نمايند. در گیاهان چهار گروه اصلي رنگ‌دانه شامل كلروفيل‌ها، كاروتنوئيدها، فلاونويدها، و آنتوسیانین‌ها وجود دارند و دارای خصوصیات و زیرمجموعه‌های متفاوتی می‌باشند. كلروفيل‌ها و كاروتنوئيدها رنگ‌دانه‌هاي نامحلول در آب بوده و در اندامک‌های سلول‌ها يافت مي‌شوند، اما فلاونويد‌ها رنگ‌دانه‌هاي محلول در آب مي‌باشند و در واکوئل ها و سیتوزول وجود دارند. روش های مختلفی برای استخراج رنگ‌دانه‌ها، ترکیبات فعال بیولوژیکی و یا دیگر ساختارهای شیمیایی از گیاهان توسعه داده شده‌اند. این روش‌های جدید شامل استخراج به کمک امواج فراصوت، استخراج به کمک امواج مایکرو، استخراج توسط سیال فوق بحرانی، و استخراج تسریع شده با حلال می‌باشند و به کاهش مصرف حلال، افزایش بازده استخراج، و بالا بردن کیفیت عصاره کمک شایانی نموده‌اند.


Article's English abstract:

Pigments are chemical compounds that absorb light in the wavelength range of the visible region. There are four main classified groups of plants pigment including Chlorophyll, Carotenoids, Flavonoids, and Anthocyanin which have different characteristics. Chlorophyll and Carotenoids are insoluble in water and are found in organelles of cells, while the Flavonoids are water-soluble pigments present in vacuole and cytosol. Various novel techniques including ultrasound-assisted extraction, microwave-assisted extraction, supercritical fluid extraction, and accelerated solvent extraction have been developed for the extraction of nutraceuticals from plants in order to shorten the extraction time, decrease the solvent consumption, increase the extraction yield, and enhance the quality of extracts.


کلید واژگان:
رنگ‌دانه، کلروفیل، کارتنوئید، فلاونوید، آنتوسیانین.

English Keywords:
Pigment; Chlorophyll; Carotenoid; Flavonoid; Anthocyanin.

منابع:

English References:
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